From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 05/2014
South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011.
Its current capital is Juba, which is also its largest city.
The capital city is planned to be changed to the more centrally located Ramciel in the future.
South Sudan is bordered by the Republic of the Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west.
It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal.
The territories of modern South Sudan and the Republic of the Sudan were occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, and later governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence was achieved in 1956.
Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983.
A second Sudanese civil war soon developed and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005.
Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed.
South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following a referendum that passed with 98.83% of the vote.
It is a United Nations member state, a member state of the African Union, and a member state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.
In July 2012, South Sudan signed the Geneva Conventions.
South Sudan has suffered internal conflict since its independence.
Republic of South Sudan
Motto: "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity"
Anthem: "South Sudan Oyee!"
Capital and largest city: Juba (04°51′N 31°36′E)
Official languages: English
Recognised national languages:
• and around 60 other languages
Demonym: South Sudanese
Government: Federal presidential republic
• President: Salva Kiir Mayardit
• Vice President: James Wani Igga
Legislature: National Legislature
Upper house: Council of States
Lower house: National Legislative Assembly
Independence from Sudan End of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan:
31 December 1955
Comprehensive Peace Agreement: 6 January 2005
Autonomy: 9 July 2005
Independence: 9 July 2011
Area: 619,745 km2 (42nd) - 239,285 sq mi
Population: 2008 census - 8,260,490 (disputed)(94th)
Density: 13.33/km2 (214th) - 34.52/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2014 estimate
• Total: $21.378 billion
• Per capita: $1,978
Currency: South Sudanese pound (SSP)
Time zone: East Africa Time (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code: +211
ISO 3166 code: SS
Internet TLD:.ss (a.)
Registered, but not yet operational.