From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 5/2014
Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.
Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert.
The Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maġribiyah (meaning "The Western Kingdom") and Al-Maghrib: meaning "The West") are commonly used as alternate names.
Morocco has a population of over 33 million and an area of 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi).
Its political capital is Rabat, although the largest city is Casablanca; other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador.
A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours.
Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, African, and European influences.
Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara as its Southern Provinces.
Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991.
Peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.
The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs.
Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors.
The king can issue decrees called dahirs which have the force of law.
He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the Constitutional court.
Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, while the official languages are Berber and Arabic.
Moroccan Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken.
Kingdom of Morocco - Al-Mamlakah al-Maġribiyah
Motto: "Akush, Amur, Agllid" - "God, Homeland, King"
Capital: Rabat (34°02′N 6°51′W)
Largest city: Casablanca (33°32′N 7°35′E)
• Moroccan Arabic
• Berber dialects
Ethnic groups (2012):
• 99% Arab-Berber
• 1% others
Religion: Sunni Islam
Government: Unitary parliamentary - constitutional monarchy
• King: Mohammed VI
• Prime Minister: Abdelilah Benkirane
• Upper house: House of Councillors
• Lower house: House of Representatives
Idrisid Dynasty (founding):
Alaouite dynasty (current):
• Total: 446 550 km2 (58th or 40th) - 172,487 sq mi
• Water (%): 0.056 (250 km2)
2014 estimate: 33,250,000 (39th)
Density: 73.1/km2 (122nd) 189.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2014 estimate
• Total: $189.1 billion
• Per capita: $5,699
Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Time zone: WET (UTC+0) - Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code: +212
ISO 3166 code: MA
Internet TLD: .ma