From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 5/2014
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.
The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, prior to being conquered by Spain in the sixteenth century. The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism and the now predominant Spanish language, along with numerous customs that have blended with the indigenous culture.
The country became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic, although it has consistently endured much social strife and political instability.
Honduras spans an area of about 112,492 km² and has a population exceeding eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is best known for the production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane, as well as for its growing textiles industry, which serves the international market.
Republic of Honduras
"Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
"Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras
National Anthem of Honduras
Capital and largest city:
Tegucigalpa (14°6′N 87°13′W)
Recognised regional languages:
• other indigenous languages
• 90% Mestizoa
• 7% Amerindian
• 2% Black
• 1% White
• Honduran Catracho
Legislature: National Congress
Declared from Spain:
15 September 1821
Declared from the First Mexican Empire:
1 July 1823
Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America:
5 November 1838
Total:112,492 km2 (102nd) 43,278 sq mi
Population: 2010 estimate 8,249,574 (94th) - 2007 census 7,529,403
Density: 64/km2 (128th) 166/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2011 estimate
• Total: $35.697 billion
• Per capita: $4,345
Currency: Lempira (HNL)
Time zone: CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the right
Calling code: +504
ISO 3166 code: HN
Internet TLD: .hn