From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 5/2014
Equatorial Guinea, officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, is a small country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi).
It has two parts, an insular and a mainland region.
The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island south of the equator.
Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo.
The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón.
The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It also includes several small offshore islands (such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico).
Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the equator and the Gulf of Guinea.
Apart from the Spanish territories of Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of Morocco, and Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (a.k.a. Western Sahara), it is the only country in Africa whose de jure official language is Spanish.
Since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Sahara's largest oil producers.
With a population of 650,702, it is the richest country per capita in Africa, and its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita ranks 69th in the world.
However, the wealth is distributed very unevenly and few people have benefited from the oil riches.
The country ranks 136th on the UN's 2011 Human Development Index. The UN says that less than half of the population has access to clean drinking water and that 20% of children die before reaching five.
The authoritarian regime ruling Equatorial Guinea has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights.
Reporters Without Borders ranks President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo among its "predators" of press freedom.
Human trafficking is a significant problem, with the US Trafficking in Persons Report, 2012, stating that "Equatorial Guinea is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking."
The report rates Equatorial Guinea as a "Tier 3" country, the lowest (worst) ranking: "Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so."
Republic of Equatorial Guinea
"Unidad, Paz, Justicia" (Spanish)
"Unity, Peace, Justice"
Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad (Spanish)
Let us walk the paths of our immense happiness
Capital: Malabob (3°45′N 8°47′E)
Largest city: Bata
Spanish and French
Recognised regional languages:
Ethnic groups (1994):
• 85.7% Fang
• 6.5% Bubi
• 3.6% Ndowe
• 1.6% Annobon
• 1.1% Bujeba (Kwasio)
• 1.4% othersa
Demonym: Equatoguinean -Equatorial Guinean
Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
• Prime Minister: Vicente Ehate Tomi
Chamber of People's Representatives
Independence from Spain: 12 October 1968
• Total: 28,050 km2 (144th) - 10,830 sq mi
• Water (%): negligible
Population: 2012 estimate 736,296 (150th)
Density: 24.1/km2 (187th) - 62.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2012 estimate
• Total: $19.286 billion
• Per capita: $25,929
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
WAT (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code: +240
ISO 3166 code: GQ
Internet TLD: .gq