From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 08/2014
Hertha Berliner Sport-Club von 1892 e.V.
Die Alte Dame (The Old Lady)
Die Blau-Weißen (The Blue-Whites)
25 July 1892
Olympic Stadium, Berlin
Director of sport:
Hertha Berliner Sport-Club von 1892, commonly known as Hertha BSC or Hertha Berlin, is a German association football club based in Berlin.
Hertha BSC was founded in 1892.
A founding member of the German Football Association in Leipzig in 1900.
Hertha BSC play in the Bundesliga, the top-tier division of German football, after finishing at the top of the 2. Bundesliga table at the end of the 2012-13 season.
Hertha BSC have won the German championship in 1930 and 1931.
Since 1963, Hertha BSC's stadium is the Olympiastadion.
The club was formed in 1892 as BFC Hertha 92, taking its name from a steamship with a blue and white smokestack.
One of the four young men who founded the club had taken a day trip on this ship with his father.
The name Hertha is a variation on Nerthus referring to fertility goddess from Germanic mythology.
Hertha performed consistently well on the field, including a win in the first Berlin championship final in 1905.
In May 1910, Hertha won a friendly match against Southend United F.C., which was considered significant at the time as England was where the game originated and English clubs dominated the sport.
However, their on-field success was not matched financially and in 1920 the staunchly working-class Hertha merged with the well-heeled club Berliner Sport-Club to form Hertha Berliner Sport-Club.
The new team continued to enjoy considerable success in the Oberliga Berlin-Brandenburg, while also enduring a substantial measure of frustration.
The team played its way to the German championship final in six consecutive seasons from 1926 to 1931, but were only able to come away with the title in 1930 and 1931 with BSC leaving to become an independent club again after the combined side's first championship.
Even so, Hertha emerged as the Germany's second most successful team during the inter-war years.
PLAY UNDER THIRD REICH
German football was re-organized under the Third Reich in 1933 into sixteen top-flight divisions, which saw Hertha playing in the Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg.
The club continued to enjoy success within their division, regularly finishing in the upper half of the table and capturing the divisional title in 1935, 1937, and 1944.
However, they faded from prominence, unable to advance out of the early rounds of the national championship rounds.
Politically, the club was overhauled under Hitler, with Hans Pfeifer, a Nazi party member being installed as president.
POSTWAR PLAY IN DIVIDED BERLIN
After World War II, occupying Allied authorities banned most organizations in Germany, including sports and football clubs.
Hertha was re-formed late in 1945 as SG Gesundbrunnen and resumed play in the Oberliga Berlin – Gruppe C.
The thirty-six teams of the first season of the postwar Oberliga Berlin were reduced to just a dozen the next year and the club found itself out of first division football and playing in the Amateurliga Berlin.
By the end of 1949, they had re-claimed their identity as Hertha BSC Berlin and earned a return to the top-flight.
Tensions between the western Allies and the Russians occupying various sectors of the city, and the developing Cold War, led to chaotic conditions for football in the capital.
Hertha was banned from playing against East German teams in the 1949-50 season after taking on several players and a coach who had fled the Dresden club SG Friedrichstadt for West Berlin.
A number of sides from the eastern half of the city were forced from the Oberliga Berlin to the newly established DDR-Liga beginning with the 1950-51 season.
Through the 50's an intense rivalry developed with Tennis Borussia Berlin.
A proposal for a merger between the two clubs in 1958 was resoundingly rejected, with only three of the 266 members voting in favour.
ENTRY TO THE BUNDESLIGA
At the time of the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963, Hertha was Berlin's reigning champion and so became an inaugural member of the new professional national league.
In spite of finishing clear of the relegation zone, the team was demoted after the 1964-65 season following attempts to bribe players to play in the city under what had become decidedly unpleasant circumstances after the erection of the Berlin Wall.
This caused something of a crisis for the Bundesliga which wanted, for political reasons, to continue to have a team in its ranks representing the former capital.
Through various machinations this led to the promotion of SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin, which then delivered the worst-ever performance in Bundesliga history.
Hertha managed a return to the premier German league in 1968-69 and developed a solid following, making it Berlin's favorite side.
However, Hertha was again soon touched by scandal through its involvement with several other clubs in the Bundesliga match fixing scandal of 1971.
In the course of an investigation of Hertha's role, it was also revealed that the club was 6 million DM in debt.
Financial disaster was averted through the sale of the team's former home ground.
In spite of this, the team continued to enjoy a fair measure of success on the field through the 70's with a second place Bundesliga finish behind Borussia Mönchengladbach in 1974-75, a semi-final appearance in the 1979 UEFA Cup, and two appearances in the final of the German Cup (1977 and 1979).
The following season saw the fortunes of the team take a turn for the worse as they were relegated to 2. Bundesliga where they would spend thirteen of the next seventeen seasons.
Plans in 1982 for a merger with Tennis Borussia Berlin, SpVgg Blau-Weiß 1890 Berlin and SCC Berlin to form a side derisively referred to as FC Utopia never came to fruition.
Hertha slipped as low as the third tier Amateur Oberliga Berlin where they spent two seasons (1986-87 and 1987-88).
Two turns in the Bundesliga (1982-83 and 1990-91) saw the team immediately relegated after poor performances.
Hertha's amateur side enjoyed a greater measure of success, advancing all the way to the final of the German Cup in 1993 where their run ended in a close 0:1 defeat at the hands of Bundesliga side Bayer Leverkusen.
Following the fall of the Berlin Wall, Hertha became a popular side in East Berlin as well.
Two days after the wall came down, 11,000 East Berliners attended Hertha's match against SG Wattenscheid.
A fan friendship with 1. FC Union Berlin developed, and a friendly match between the two attracted over 50,000 spectators.
Financial woes once more burdened the club in 1994 as it found itself 10 million DM in debt.
The crisis was again resolved through the sale of real estate holdings in addition to the signing of a new sponsor and management team.
By 1997 Hertha found its way back to the Bundesliga where they generally managed to finish in the upper third of the slate.
When Hertha was promoted in 1997, it ended Berlin's six-year-long drought without a Bundesliga side which had made the Bundesliga the only top league in Europe without representation from its country's biggest city and capital.
Most recently, bright spots for the side have been a continuous string of appearances in international play in the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Champions League beginning in the 1999 season, and the signing of players such as Sebastian Deisler and Brazilian international Marcelinho, named the Bundesliga's player of the year in May 2005.
Hertha has also invested heavily in its own youth football academy, which has produced several players with Bundesliga potential.
The team was almost relegated in the 2003-04 season, but rebounded and finished fourth the following season, but missed out on the Champions League after they were held to a draw on the final day by Hannover 96, which saw Werder Bremen overtake them for the spot on the final day.
As a thank-you gesture, Werder sent the Hannover squad ninety-six bottles of champagne.
In 2005-06 the Herthaner finished sixth, qualified for the UEFA Cup by defeating FK Moskva in the Intertoto Cup but were eliminated in the first round of the UEFA Cup by Odense BK.
In 2006-07 Hertha finished 10th after sacking manager Falko Götz on 11 April.
Hertha started the 2007-08 season with a new manager, Lucien Favre who had won the Swiss Championship in 2006 and 2007 with FC Zürich.
They finished 10th again, but started in the first qualification round of the UEFA Cup via the Fair Play Ranking, making it as far as the group stage in the tournament.
After a successful campaign in 2008-09 season, finishing in fourth place and remaining in the title race up until the second to last matchday, they had a very poor season in 2009-10 season and finished at the very bottom of the Bundesliga.
After spending the 2010-2011 season in the 2. Bundesliga, Hertha BSC secured their return to the Bundesliga for the 2011-12 season by winning 1:0 at MSV Duisburg, with three matchdays left to go in the season.
However, Hertha finished 16th in the 2011-12 Bundesliga and lost in a controversial relegation playoff tournament to Fortuna Dusseldorf.
In 2012-13, Hertha achieved promotion from the second division as champions for the second time in three seasons.
On the opening day of the 2013–14 season, Hertha beat Eintracht Frankfurt 6:1 at the Olympiastadion to top the Bundesliga table at the end of matchday 1.
Since 1963, Hertha BSC has played its matches in Berlin's Olympiastadion, originally built for the 1936 Summer Olympics.
As of the most recent renovations, the stadium has a capacity of 74,228 (extended: 77,116), making it the second-largest stadium in Germany behind Borussia Dortmund's Westfalenstadion (82,932, including ~67,000 seats).
The stadium underwent major renovations twice, in 1974 and from 2000 to 2004. In both cases, the renovations were for the upcoming World Cup.
In the 1974 upgrades, the stadium received a partial roof. It underwent a thorough modernisation for the 2006 World Cup.
In addition, the colour of the track was changed to blue to match Hertha's club colours.
In addition to Hertha's home games, Olympiastadion serves as one of the home grounds for the German national football team, and it hosts concerts, track and field competitions, and the annual German Cup final.
It was also the site for six matches of the 2006 FIFA World Cup including the tournament final.
From 1904, Hertha's home ground was the Plumpe in the city's Gesundbrunnen district .
A stadium was built there in 1923 with a capacity of 35,000 (3,600 seats).
The club left the stadium when it joined the Bundesliga in 1963.
Hertha returned to the site during the Regionalliga years from 1965 to 1968.
The sale of the site in 1971 helped the club avoid bankruptcy.
Due to a lack of spectator interest, Hertha played their 2nd Bundesliga and Amateurliga matches from 1986 to 1989 in Poststadion.
The opening fixtures of the 1992-93 season, as well as Intertoto Cup, and UEFA Cup qualifying matches were played at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark.